Monday, March 11, 2013

Chapter 1 of a Detailed Photo Essay on Sigiriya, or Lion's Rock, in Sri Lanka: Thoughts and Impressions of My Visit.

Sigiriya - what is it? A 'Garden of Eden', ancient resort, or just a pyramid on the top of a rock? Machine processing of granite stone and other evidences of advanced ancient technologies.  

In this essay, I outline my impressions, based on facts and observations – including observations of some things that are unexplained in terms of what we are familiar with in the 21st Century. As these are simply my impressions, I would appreciate comments (and, perhaps answers) to any questions my own comments and observations give rise to. My visit to Lion's Rock made me realize that this place is more mysterious than commonly known, and worth more serious attention than I ever expected. So, let's begin!

Aerial view photo, Sigiriya rock plateau, Lion Rock, Sri Lanka, ancient fortress, palace ruin
Aerial view - photo of Sigiriya rock plateau or Lion's Rock, Sri Lanka

Reference (information from Wikipedia - Sigiriya (Lion's Rock, Sinhalese - සීගිරිය) is a place with a large stone and ancient rock fortress and palace ruin in the central Matale District of Central Province, Sri Lanka... [It is] surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures. A popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also renowned for its ancient paintings (frescos), which are reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves of India. It is one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka.
… According to the chronicles as Mahavamsa the entire complex was built by King Kashyapa (477 - 495 AD), and after the king's death, it was used as a Buddhist monastery until 14th century.

My visit occurred on December 6, 2012, while on holiday with my wife, and Sigiriya was certainly one of the highlights of our trip. The complex appears to be a grandiose construction, placed on five levels. There were neither buildings, nor ruins – just terraces, gardens, and ponds.  Such lovely gardens! Eden! Paradise! However, what seemed obvious to me regarding the complex is that there was nothing resembling a palace or royal chambers. There  also seemed to be no space for any of the 'Royal Helpers' one would expect a king or queen to require. There are no cook-houses, no security towers or lookouts, no warehouses for food and other supplies, no place for a harem, no sheds or stables for animals, etc. In short,  there seem to be no remains of any type of structures one would expect to find, if one followed strictly the official version of what Sigiriya is supposed to have been.
All existing man-made constructions built by bricks and stones have complete view, they do not look like the "foundations" or ruins.
As I explored the site, the sense I had was that the entire complex was designed for aesthetic pleasure.  From simple contemplation of its beauty, to bathing in the numerous pools, Sigiriya seems to invite serene relaxation. The upper part of the complex, built on top of the Sigiriya rock, appears as a ramped pyramidal structure with a flat top.

Aerial view photo, Sigiriya Lion Rock, Sri Lanka, ramped pyramidal structure,  summit
One more aerial view - photo of Sigiriya rock plateau or Lion's Rock, Sri Lanka

Dimensions of the top pyramid platform are approximately 17 meters length and 11 meters width. There is a plate with description "Palace" installed there. This would make it a Palace with total area of 187 square meters - a Lilliputian Palace by any standard!

From the foot of the mountain to the top of mystery rock, the following can be observed:

1. Lower or First level: "The Water Gardens" - Here is a complex of gardens, terraces and ponds with fountains in a beautiful cascade, and landscape design that is surrounded by a wide stone moat with crocodiles (the reptiles live in it to this day). The length of the cleared part of the moat - which is the section available for tourists - is about 2.4 kilometers.

Sigiriya Rock, lower Water, Terraced Gardens, surrounded by wide stone moat, crocodiles

The ramped brick terraces have a flat, smooth, finished surface; there is not even the slightest sign of walls, buildings, structures that could have been built atop of them. Therefore, these remains (ruins), in my opinion, are indeed simply terraces, not foundations.

Sigiriya Water Gardens, complex of terraces, ponds with fountains, beautiful cascade, landscape design, brick terraces

Staircase steps are made of white marble. They are original, that is native ones, installed during the construction of the object in ancient times. I made this conclusion on the basis that the bottom (level 1), and the very top of the rock (5th level) have the same stairs made of white marble at the same size, shape and appearance. 

Sigiriya Water Gardens Staircase steps made of white marble, surface corroded, notched, dented, ancient appearance is not good

By the way, their appearance is not good. Their surface is corroded, notched and dented, they seem very ancient. It is quite amazing because firstly: there is no frost in Sri Lanka (annual temperature variation + 4 centigrade's… Equator!), so, there cannot be any thermal shock damages, caused by expansion of frozen water; secondly, despite the fact that their age is about 1500 years (according to the official version), we can compare their appearance with another well-known to us objects of the same age, for example from ancient Greece, which have a better appearance.

Impression: stairs and slabs of white marble much older than 1500 years.

Here are some interesting panorama photographs of the Water Gardens:

Sigiriya Water Gardens, Sri Lanka, high quality pictures, panorama photographs, pool, road, beautiful cascade fountains, terraces

Sigiriya Water Gardens, Sri Lanka, high quality pictures, panorama photographs, pool, road, beautiful pools, fountains, terraces

Sigiriya Water Gardens, high quality pictures, panorama photographs, pool cascade, road, beautiful pools, fountains, terraces, ponds

Sigiriya Water Gardens, high quality pictures, panorama photographs, boulders, pool cascade, road, beautiful pools, stone, terraces

Sigiriya Terraced Gardens, getting close to Boulder Gardens, road paved stones, giant boulders, passage arc, water

2. Second level: well-protected foot of the Sigiriya rock, "The Boulder Gardens" and "The Terraced gardens". Visually begins behind two giant boulders, which form narrow passage-arc to the foot of the rock plateau.

Sigiriya Boulder Gardens entry upstairs, Consists several large boulders linked by winding pathways.

Sigiriya Boulder Terraced Gardens Entry begin behind giant boulders, which form narrow passage-arc to the foot of rock plateau.

The width of the passage is so narrow, that no more than two people can comfortably walk shoulder-by-shoulder. There are no other ways to reach upper level. It is an ideal place for organization of defense. One weapon emplacement upstairs - and millions of attacking troops will not pass through this entrance. The level ends by steep stairs leading to the slope of the rock.
The level also consists of several large boulders linked by winding pathways. There is a couple of interesting spots on this level. I am listing below the most interesting:

a. Throne Room or Reception Hall (as a guide said) - plain outdoor area, fully cut in the huge granite boulder with everything on it – "throne" and other stuff. 

Sigiriya Throne Room Reception Hall wholly carved from unbroken granite rock with semicircular barrier around

Imagine huge granite boulder cut to half horizontally and then cut from sides, forming square with dimensions about 6 by 6 meters in vertical projection. After that ancient masters had carved from the whole, unbroken granite body everything on this place – "throne" (much similar to sofa), ideal smooth and flat ground before the "throne" and semicircular barrier around. It seems that they cut granite as easily as butter, having no problems with its processing. I would say more, the quality of cutting is shocking.  Those are ideally flat surfaces, even plains, radiuses, and angles. There is no splitting or other defects. My strong impression is that it was done by machine granite cutting.

Understand one important thing – all the same "thrones" and "grounds" (there are also more of them) had been cut from the whole, unbroken body of huge granite boulders. It means that the ancient masters had only one attempt. If they made any defects, it would not be possible to correct them. Most likely that splits and damages of the "throne" surface are the result of vandal/monks activities. There are no damages on "thrones" and other objects on the summit, where vandals could not reach. 

Sigiriya Throne Room, stone throne-sofa, carved entirely from sticking granite rock, ideal smooth and flat ground before the throne

If you look at the Throne Room from the site of leading there stairs, to the lower right we can see one more "throne"-sofa, carved entirely from sticking out of the ground rock.

Impression: this platform is too small to be the throne room. If I were the King, I would have cleared the football field underneath the throne room for thousands of my subjects, so they would be able to fall prostrate in front of me at once. But in reality there is enough space just for a couple of dozens of people maximum. Not serious. Given the enormity of the complex as a whole, too primitive, not cool. 

b. The pool wholly carved at the top of the boulder overlooking the Throne Room with evidence of machine processing, made by the ancient civilization.

Pool wholly carved from granite boulder has evidences machine processing ancient civilization. It shows us the main difference of ancient principles of construction from modern ones.

Just as the throne room, in spite of thousands of years, the pool is beautiful and luxurious, perfect in form and execution (stone cutting). They cut out a pool in the rock surface of the top of the boulder. Notice that they left the edges of the pool untouched, they did not make them even.
Look at the picture, at the split in further wall of the pool, right above the stairs. It shows us the main difference of ancient principles of construction from modern ones. So, the split just shows us an uneven surface of giant boulder, dividing further wall of the pool on two parts: lower – the body of the boulder; higher – a granite curb, which is forming a barrier around the pool. Ancient builders didn’t bother to make a surface of pool edges flat. They just cut undersides of curbs equally to upper surface of boulder on the pool edges, and so adjusted curbs firmly to this uneven surface.
We would never do this way now. We would make a flat surface of the edges of the pool, then placed there flat and standardized curbs of the same size and shapes.
In fact, the difference in the principles of constructing is amazing. I would say that ancient principle of constructing may be called “no standards”.

Impression: those who built (cut) these objects (thrones, pools, walls, etc.) from a single blocks of granite, have been doing this consciously for a reason to build for the Millenniums, providing maximum durability, reliability and strength, having any difficulties with the processing of firm breed.

There can be no other, more reliable way (technology), for building construction and more durable materials at hand that would ensure the operational terms of thousands years with no loss of performance and without need of repairing. They built, knowingly ensuring the service life of objects in thousands of years.

Evidences of machine stone processing made by mysterious ancient civilization confirm alternative history version

On this photo you can see how granite around the pool was processed, this suggests that it was machine processing. Anyhow, long thin bulkheads (shoulders, indicated by arrows) might not have occurred if granite has been gouged by hand with a hammer and a chisel. It would be extremely difficult to make them by hand, in purpose to deceive ancestors about its origin and makes no sense. It looks like "scrapers" of some cutting tool, which cut granite layer in one pass, depth up to 10 cm. Neighboring "scrapers" were made at different depths (the difference is millimeters) and formed long "bulkheads", looking like lane line between passes of the cutting tool. 

What tool was able to do so, that is the question. In my opinion, traces of processing look like as if flat blade (width shown on photo) of the tool was submerged in granite and dragged sideward, cutting off a smooth layer of granite as the "chisel". As you look at the photo, direction of tool dragging was from the right to the left. This processing had been done after the top of this rock was cut off and there flatness was formed (where is girl staying). This is quite logical because if we have a deal with machine processing, top of the rock was cut with one passage of huge tool (circular saw blade, for example), ensuring positive tolerance for the next cutting. After that, with more accurate (and smaller) tool, granite flatness had been cut with more passages for precise placing of curbs (barrier). Curbs surface fitting was accomplished "on site", as in case of polygonal masonry, when separate blocks didn’t produce previously in separate quarries. 

Especially I would like to note "naturalness" of design of this pool and others similar to it objects. The careful handling of smooth surfaces of walls, stairs and railings of the basin is in harmony with the natural surface of the rock. The pool's "barrier blocks" were installed on an uneven, "natural" surface of the boulder and adjusted to the form of its surface. It seems that harmony of natural stone surface was more important for ancient constructors than right angles and grinded surfaces. They have not seen any problem in this; on the contrary, they felt perfect of the natural beauty of the stone, stressing this by their man-made objects.

Creating masterpieces of stone architecture, they deliberately build them for the Millennial age, at the same time not bothering themselves with attempts of complete processing of everything around, as this would do our contemporaries. By the fact, this technology is completely different from our modern one.

Sigiriya, Sri Lanka, unique ancient pool, carved granite, stone machine processing, evidences alternative history, ancient aliens

What it was the tool? The modern and known to us analog might be technology of plasma cutting or the other, based on instantaneous heating and evaporation/spraying of molten rock. High-temperature plasma in use causes a decent torch of heated gas, vaporized granite, etc., so it is impossible to use it without protecting.
It turned out that I am not alone in these assumptions. By browsing on the Internet I found a lot of interesting articles with photos of drawings and monuments that we inherited from the ancient civilizations of the territory between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (the ancient Sumer, the first known to mankind writing civilization, and kingdoms, subsequently appeared on this territory), India (and other Asian Nations), as well as America. Don't want to say anything, just see the pictures.

Ancient master processing granite with hand tools. Olmec Indians Art of Ancient America.
Ancient master processing granite with hand tools
Olmec civilization, Priest Relief, De Agostini Picture Library, G. Dagli Orti, The Bridgeman Art Library. Operator controls machine fire-breathing dragon
The operator controls the machine - "fire-breathing dragon"
Please note that "heroes" or "gods" from the different continents are holding in their hands the same things: in one - a small "bag", in the other - a tool similar to "lentil" or "scraper" (the American "handbag" appears to be fastened on the belt). The "watches" on the hands of the Sumerian gods looks especially unusual. :-).

Ancient Olmec Indian Arts civilizations identity, gods hold the same bags, corn tool, aliens, Anunakis

Mesopotamia, Iraq, Cradle of Civilization, Sumer bas-reliefs, ancient Sumerian God Enki holds plasma laser in hand Ancient Sumerian Winged Bird-Headed God, Mesopotamia, Iraq, Cradle, Civilization, Sumer, alternative history, mystery Aliens Anunakis

Aquatic, Enki, Zoroaster, Sumerian ancient Gods above Tree of Life, Persia bas-reliefs, Enlil, An, Inanna

Assumption: this "tool" could have possibly been known as "vajra" (described in the Sanskrit epics of ancient India) that could be used as a weapon and as a tool for building (stone processing, in ancient treatises written that they used it for "building the mountains"). "Vajras" were different in sizes - manual and stationary, mounted on large machinery (for example, on "volatile chariots" called "vimana"). Well, or it could be named differently. Judging by the treatises, they had many different types of tools and weapons.

Facts: Note that on the most ancient Sumerian bas-reliefs, gods keeping a bag in their left hand and tool in the right hand. I will describe why it is important little bit later.

c. King's Chamber or Meditation Room, in which, according to the guide's story, Kashyapa had a fun with numerous beautiful women in various poses. 

King's Chamber Meditation Room, Kashyapa, Sigiriya, Sri Lanka. Niche in rock with stone throne, frescoes above

Chamber represents itself as a niche in a rock, in which (from the body of the lower cliffs) cut already familiar to us "sofa" and sides-fence design. Ceiling (semicircular arch top rocks) hanging over so low, that me with my height of 1.85 meters had to bend down. 
Granite ceiling is plastered, long time ago there were frescoes with half-naked girls painted on plaster (as at third level, on the vertical part of the Sigiriya rock, at a height of 50 meters away from the base, of that I'll tell later), but now there are remains only. The frescoes were destroyed by the monks, who were embarrassed by the view of naked women. Seemingly, they also damaged the "sofa". I was very confused by the fact that I do not know the recipe of plaster, which is able to stick on granite firmly within one and a half of thousand years, outdoors, under conditions of unsanitary, hot and humid climate of the tropics. 
And there is one more, or rather two strange things – deepenings', carved in granite floor on either sides of the "sofa".

Niches carved in granite King's Chamber Meditation Room floor, Sigiriya, Sri Lanka, heritage, point of interest
Deepening carved in granite King's Chamber Meditation Room floor, Sigiriya, Sri Lanka point of interest, heritage

Deepenings' have irregularly shapes, they shallow (about 5 centimeters deep) with steep sides and a flat bottom, in form resembling a cross between a boot footstep and an infusorium. Left and right deepenings' have slightly different forms. The guide claimed that they were used as flower vases. I think it is nonsense because of firstly:  they too shallow for a vase; secondly: a vase would be done by regular shape - circle, square etc for aesthetic reasons.

Impression: they were used as sockets for inserting something (some devices?) of the appropriate form, to which could be possible easily reach from the sofa.

Assumption: above I drawn your attention to some tools, which ancient gods held in their hands. Thus, these niches possibly might be designed to set there: in the left – "bag" (power supply); in the right – "tool", which could be plasma (or emission) source.

Early I drew your attention on a fact that this "room" is located to the right side of the path (on the way uphill from the first level to second protected level), a short distance further from the narrow passage-arch, formed by two large rocks (where more than two people can hardly walk shoulder-by-shoulder). "Room" is specially built face to passage-arch entrance so that somebody, sitting on the bench, was sitting face to the second level entrance.

Thus, apart from meditation, this room could be used as an outpost (weapon emplacement). I can authoritatively declare that sitting there gunner (armed with machine gun for example :-) could alone stop any number of attackers, moving thru the passage between the rocks. From the left, back and top this room protected by solid granite bedrock, so that sitting there was invulnerable to attack from the outside (from the lower level of the complex) with a primitive weapon. At least, he could effectively cover a retreat, holding up anyone for a long time to let the rest of his "companions" go to the top fifth level (top of the rocky plateau), which was at 100% is inaccessible (unless, of course, the attackers had no aviation).

Here, of course, raises the question of the real age of the Sigiriya rock. After all, my assumptions moving the date of its construction back to 4-th millennium BC or even earlier. At least, to the times of Sumerian living gods…

Facts: scientists determine the Sigiriya by the age of Mahavamsa Chronicle - the "Great Chronicle", biography of the Kings.  Original Chronicle (original version, a set of documents written in Pali) covers the period from 543 BC to 300 AD.  After that the Chronicle has been additionally written many times by Buddhist monks (in Sinhalese). According to some recent recordings, Sigiriya complex was built by King Kashyapa (477 – 495 AD).

Assumption: obviously, like any other Chronicle, it could be written or rewritten many times in favor of a particular ruler (king). There are no other evidences of age of Sigiriya.


  1. I am very pleasantly surprised to find such a well-documented report of applied technology in ancient cultures. You describe this unusual place in such an interesting way. I once heard of such a similar rock, with above in terraces, is rice.
    Just as it happened to you, suddenly it was time to write to start, it happened to me also. Sometime you can feel the global and historical context of ancient cultures. Although these findings are contrary to the linear evolution of our history.
    The assumption that technology has been used on Earth much earlier, with evidence like this one, confirmed it once again. Each new discovery and every new dokumentacion illuminates our history. Thank you for this report and I am waiting curious to new evidence of this theory of yours.
    Josef Bauer

    1. Thank you! It’s a pleasure and honor to know that somebody can find my story interesting. Next two chapters of my story are coming soon.

  2. Awesome. Thank you.

  3. About the mysteries of stone carving technology, commonly brought out examples are Avukana & Gal Vihara statues. It's often wondered how the serene facial expressions & liquid flow of the robes, are all carved from the same massive slab of granite in a single attempt on a natural rock face.

  4. Good job! I think static electricity is the key! All sacred places are placed in close proximity to seismic fault lines, granite and quartz veins or buildings etc. The portable devices I think represent power condensers. Sound was also in use in order to make resonate some of the devices used in ancient times. I think you will find some useful info on my page in the article Tutankhamun's stargate and the other articles.

  5. Thanks! Reading your blog with great interest...

  6. Hi Vladimir,
    It's a very interesting work, and I discover this place, thank you.

  7. This is not a comment, it's actually more of a question.
    It is pretty obvious that the steps at the very top of the Sigiriya fotress are very small. i mean, i could barely put Half of my foot on it! if this was in king kashyapa's time, either he had very small feet or maybe something else has been using the fotress. it's just a guess. :)
    anyway here is my question, do you have any idea why the steps were extreamely small?

    1. Good question, Thalia!
      In King Kashyapa’s time humans were the same as they are now. I mean their feet were the same. At least official science tells us this. So, there was no reason to build such a small steps.

      Possible reasons:
      1. King Kashyapa was very greedy and ordered to build small steps to save money. :-)
      2. Sigiriya fortress had been built in other time when human beings were different (?), though we don’t have any evidences of such differences in earlier time.
      3. Steps were not intended for human’s walk. But there is no answer about creatures for which steps were built.

    2. Thanks! I love the way you prove every single fact scientifically when other people just expect us to believe what they say happened, and when I compared the things you've written, they actually make sense with our histry and let's say the sayings said by lord buddha in buddhism.
      Thanks again!

    3. Dear Vladimir,

      As far as I know, these steps were carved in the modern era for the benefit of people who visits Sigiriya. Most of the steps leading to temples built on rocks got small steps (it barely helps people to climb).

      It says King Kashyapa used an elevator to reach the top of Sigiriya (his castle). Elevator chamber is inside the Sigiriya rock and now it is not accessible (I do not have facts nor evidence to prove this).

      Vladmir, I guess this is also something you can research about. I truly appreciate the effort taken by you to unearth the early Sri Lankan history. Please continue your work and I wish you all the very best as a Sri Lankan and a person who believes the existence of a pre historic advance civilization in Sri Lanka.


    4. The suggestion that Kasyappa used an elevator made me laugh. In the 1970's I had the privilege of visting Sigiriya with a director of the Department of Archeology,Sri Lanka. He said that they found a hoad of more than 500 Roman coins. How and why Roman coins got there is interesting. What were the romans buying? How and where were the Sri Lankan's in the 5th Century AD going to spend that money? Why Sigiriya,considering its location-in the middle of the Island! Perhaps the Romans used the elevtor too.

    5. The suggestion that Kasyappa used an elevator made me laugh. In the 1970's I had the privilege of visting Sigiriya with a director of the Department of Archeology,Sri Lanka. He said that they found a hoad of more than 500 Roman coins. How and why Roman coins got there is interesting. What were the romans buying? How and where were the Sri Lankan's in the 5th Century AD going to spend that money? Why Sigiriya,considering its location-in the middle of the Island! Perhaps the Romans used the elevtor too.

  8. Vlad. Great work man. I saw a question asking why are the steps were small.
    This is not just a palace its a palace and fortress. The steps to the top of the rock is carved small must be to protect from the enemy troops. With all that beauty and majesty the fountains and all it seems to be a palace
    But from the far end the kingdom starts with woodlands a thick forest..rangers were set there to use the old sri lankan gurrilla tackticks also known as angam. Then comes the marshy the first wall(cant be seen now just ruins.. then the water gaurd... they say it was filled with crocodiles and in the deep stone thrones were set to stop elephants crossing it. Next another wall... and you can see barracks within the garden .. stone mines and all.. all im trying to say is this is not just a fortress but also a castle..

  9. When I was small I remember some one says its not lions paw. its Gurula's ( Mythical bird) well certainly its not lions paw. lion has four claws. Gurula looks like looks like this picture ( LOL I just see like that) may be there is a link . may be there is nothing like that.